Two theories that explain prejudice discrimination and stereotyping psychology essay

Subtle prejudice is much more difficult to document than more overt forms, and its effects on discriminatory behavior are more difficult to capture. The nose, lips size and shape, hair texture, body structure or skin color are salient characteristics.

In any type of propaganda against prejudice where historical and traditional forces are operating, understanding of interpersonal relationship and group need is of tremendous importance.

In any event, as noted above, this type of statistical discrimination is considered intentional differentiation on the basis of race and falls squarely in the category of unlawful disparate treatment discrimination.

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Indirect prejudice can also lead to support for policies that disadvantage nonwhites. But we do want to emphasize that facially neutral organizational processes may function in ways that can be viewed as discriminatory, particularly if differential racial outcomes are insufficiently justified by the benefits to the organization.

Changes in the beliefs and attitudes about the minorities and the outgroups can bring a corresponding change in prejudice and behaviour towards members of such groups. Verbal and nonverbal hostility are first steps on a continuum of interracial harm-doing. Such tendency can be eliminated by inducting people to behave more mindfully and more carefully.

By themselves such comments may not be regarded as serious enough to be unlawful balanced against concerns about freedom of speechbut they constitute a clear form of hostility. But practically it may not be possible.

Integrated job situations, integrated summer camps, youth festivals, NCC camps can also reduce prejudice. At the same time, norms change over time, so this can only go some way towards explaining prejudice.

These theories examine particularly the institutional racism. There is also the need to look further than the causes of stereotyping and into its effects in order to understand the processes of our thought, of stereotyping. However, the social context in which people encounter an outgroup member can shape such instantaneous responses.

The emphasis is, thus, in universality. Though, large number of studies on prejudice have been conducted in western countries, the findings of such studies are not fully applicable in India.

The conditions and expectations assigned to members of group simply on the basis of the membership in those groups lead to prejudice. First, that if stimuli are put into categories, then this in itself enhances the difference between groups.

Caste prejudice manifests itself in intercaste tension, religious prejudice through communal riots and religious conflicts and sex or gender prejudices, in the form of intolerance of the members of the opposite sex.

A criticism of this study, and the homogeneity effect as a whole, is that members of an in-group will know their peers more than those of the out-group, especially in terms of personality. For instance, a skin color is the obvious and salient characteristic.

Stereotype, Prejudice and Discrimination

It shows social and ethnic interaction in reducing hostility and construction of these events in the definite society. It grows in the minds of men mostly linked to political, geographical, legal and economic issues and are of less psychological significance.

It may occur in groups, but it is the individual psyches that make up the group, that project their stereotypes through a group. Furthermore, discrimination against an individual may be based on overall assumptions about members of a disadvantaged racial group that are assumed to apply to that individual i.

Conformity as an Explanation of Prejudice and Discrimination Influences that cause individuals to be racist or sexist, for example, may come from peers parents and group membership. On the other hand, the Indians were rated higher in private roles.

Murphy has emphasized on dependence, early freedom from frustration leading to the absence of habits, controlling aggression, lack of opportunities in childhood for group planning and thinking, leading to lack of methods of resolving conflicts between groups in adulthood responsible for development of prejudice.

In any event, as noted above, this type of statistical discrimination is considered intentional differentiation on the basis of race and falls squarely in the category of unlawful disparate treatment discrimination.

But the relationship between socio-economic status and prejudice against blacks is not significant.In Chapter 3, we developed a two-part definition of racial discrimination: differential treatment on the basis of race that disadvantages a racial group and treatment on the basis of inadequately justified factors other than race that disadvantages a racial group (differential effect).We focus our discussion on discrimination against disadvantaged.

Stereotypes and Prejudice Their Overt and Subtle Influence in the Classroom STEVEN J.

Prejudice and Discrimination

SPENCER Hope College The authors examine overt and subtle forms of stereotyping and prejudice. Two theories that explain overt prejudice are reviewed: realistic conflict theory and social identity theory.

prejudice and discrimination. However. Two Theories That Explain Prejudice Discrimination And Stereotyping Psychology Essay Print Reference this Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.

Psychological Theories of Prejudice and Discrimination I on the other two components. A prejudice is an extreme stereotype.

Stereotype, Prejudice and Discrimination

The cognitive component is the stereotype; Psychological theories of prejudice Nonetheless we can explain why prejudice is at best difficult to remove.

Firstly. While prejudice refers to biased thinking, discrimination consists of actions against a group of people. Discrimination can be based on age, religion, health, and other indicators; race-based laws against discrimination.

Two theories that explain overt prejudice are reviewed: realistic conflict theory and social identity theory. Although overt prejudice seems to have declined, subtle stereotyping is still pervasive.

The authors review one theory.

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Two theories that explain prejudice discrimination and stereotyping psychology essay
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